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Crochet Abbreviations and Terms

There are literally dozens of crochet abbreviations so we’ve dedicated this page to you for learning the many combinations of letters that will help to learn easier. 

We are constantly adding new abbreviations as new techniques are made up.

altalternate
approxapproximately
begbegin/beginning
betbetween
BL or BLOback loop or back loop only
bobobble
BPback post
BPdcback post double crochet
BPdtrback post double treble crochet
BPhdcback post half double crochet
BPscback post single crochet
BPtrback post treble crochet
CCcontrasting color
chchain stitch
ch-refer to chain or space previously made, e.g., ch-1 space
ch-spchain space
CLcluster
contcontinue
dcdouble crochet
dc2togdouble crochet 2 stitches together
decdecrease
dtrdouble treble crochet
edcextended double crochet
ehdcextended half double crochet
escextended single crochet
etrextended treble crochet
FL or FLOfront loop or front loop only
follfollowing
FPfront post
FPdcfront post double crochet
FPdtrfront post double treble crochet
FPhdcfront post half double crochet
FPscfront post single crochet
AbbreviationDescription
FPtrfront post treble crochet
hdchalf double crochet
hdc2toghalf double crochet 2 stitches together
incincrease
lploop
mmarker
MCmain color
pat or pattpattern
pcpopcorn stitch
pmplace marker
prevprevious
ps or puffpuff stitch
remremaining
reprepeat
rndround
RSright side
scsingle crochet
sc2togsingle crochet 2 stitches together
shshell
skskip
sl stslip stitch
sm or sl mslip marker
spspace
ststitch
tblthrough back loop
tch or t-chturning chain
togtogether
trtreble crochet
tr2togtreble crochet 2 stitches together
trtrtriple treble crochet
WSwrong side
yoyarn over
yohyarn over hook

Terms & Common Measurements

TermDescription
*repeat the instructions following the single asterisk as directed
* *repeat instructions between asterisks as many times as directed or repeat at specified locations
{ }work instructions within brackets as many times as directed
[ ]work instructions within brackets as many times as directed
( )work instructions within parentheses as many times as directed or work a group of stitches all in the same stitch or space
MeasurementDescription
” or ininch
cmcentimeter
ggram
mmeter
mmmillimeter
ozounce
ydyard

Tunisian Abbreviations

Tunisian crochet is also commonly known as Afghan Crochet. It has also been called by a variety of other names including Shepherd’s Knitting, Railroad Knitting and Cro-hooking.

AbbreviationDescription
etssextended Tunisian simple stitch
FwPforward pass
RetPreturn pass
tdcTunisian double crochet
tfsTunisian full stitch
thdcTunisian half double crochet
tksTunisian knit stitch
tpsTunisian purl stitch
trsTunisian reverse stitch
tscTunisian single crochet
tssTunisian simple stitch
tslstTunisian slip stitch
ttrTunisian treble crochet
ttwTunisian twisted

Abbreviation & Term Differences between the U.S., United Kingdom (U.K.) and Canada.

U.S./CanadaU.K.
slip stitch (sl st)slip stitch (ss)
single crochet (sc)double crochet (dc)
half double crochet (hdc)half treble (htr)
double crochet (dc)treble (tr)
treble (tr)double treble (dtr)
double treble (dtr)triple treble (trtr)
U.S.U.K./Canada
gaugetension
yarn over (yo)yarn over hook (yoh)

About the Author: Crochet Stitches

Hello, and welcome to our site. We've been passionate about crochet for years and have learned a lot along the way. We hope our tutorials and tips will help you out on your crochet journey. Let's make art together!

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